Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA)
FERPA is the federal law that governs the rights of students and institutional responsibilities with respect to student records. If you have any questions regarding any of the information contained herein, please email the University of Arizona Office of the Registrar.
What is FERPA?
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974, commonly referred to as FERPA or the Buckley amendment, is a federal law designed to protect the privacy of a student’s education record. FERPA applies to all educational agencies or institutions that receive federal funding for any program administered by the Secretary of Education. FERPA also applies to private entities that contract to perform services for the University that it would otherwise undertake to perform on its own; in such cases, the private entity must observe the same FERPA protections applicable to the University. FERPA grants adult students (18 and older) the following rights:
- The right to inspect and review their education records
- The right to seek the amendment of their education records
- The right to consent to the disclosure of their education records
- The right to obtain a copy of their school’s Student Records Policy
- The right to file a complaint with the FERPA Office in Washington, D.C.
- With only a few exceptions, student education records are considered confidential and may not be released without the written consent of the student
- As a faculty or staff member you have a responsibility to protect education records in your possession
- As a faculty or staff member you may only access information that is needed for legitimate completion of your responsibilities as a university employee
What is an education record?
An education record includes any information or data that is directly related to a student and maintained by the University or by a person acting for the University. This encompasses information or data recorded in any medium, including but not limited to electronic data, handwriting, print, tapes, email, microfilm, and microfiche.
- admissions information for students who are accepted and enrolled
- biographical information including date and place of birth, gender, nationality, race, ethnicity, and identification photographs
- communications in written, emailed, or recorded form that are part of the academic process or pertain to a student’s status
- course work including papers, exams, grades, and evaluations
- disciplinary records
- internship program records
- personal information shared through course assignments, class discussions, evaluations, and office hour visits
- student financial and financial aid records
- student identification number (SID)
- student status details such as academic specialization and activities, class schedules, and courses taken
What is not an education record?
- University of Arizona law enforcement records
- Employment records when the employment is not connected to student status (e.g., a staff member who happens to be pursuing a degree at the institution, as opposed to a student employed under the work-study program)
- Medical and mental health records used only for treatment of the student
- Alumni records which do not relate to or contain information about the person as a student (e.g., information collected by the University pertaining to alumni accomplishments)
- Sole possession records, which include memory aids or reference tools that are kept in sole possession of the maker of the record. The term does not refer to records that contain information provided directly by a student, nor records that are used to make decisions about a student.
Who has access to education records?
In general, the University will not release "personally identifiable information" from a student's education record without the student's prior written consent. However, FERPA allows disclosure without student consent under the following circumstances:
- School employees who have a "legitimate educational interest" in the records to perform their duties
- Other schools where a student seeks to enroll or is enrolled
- Accrediting organizations
- Organizations doing certain studies for or on behalf of the University
- Appropriate parties to determine eligibility, amount, or conditions of financial aid, or to enforce the terms and conditions of aid
- Parents of a "dependent student," as defined in the Internal Revenue Code, when the parent has provided a notarized affidavit, along with a copy of the relevant page of the parent's most recent income tax return indicating the student's dependent status. Affidavits must be updated annually, otherwise, prior written permission from the student is required
- Certain government officials of the US Department of Education, the Comptroller General, and state and local educational authorities, in connection with an audit, authorized representatives of the US Attorney General for law enforcement purposes, or state or federally supported education programs
- Individuals who have obtained a judicial order or subpoena
- School officials who have a need to know concerning disciplinary action taken against a student
- Appropriate parties who need to know in cases of health and safety emergencies when necessary to protect the student and/or others
- An alleged victim of a crime of violence or non-forcible sexual offense has a right to learn the results of a disciplinary proceeding conducted by the institution against the alleged perpetrator of the crime
- Information regarding any violation of university policy or state, federal or local law, governing the use or possession of alcohol or a controlled substance may be released to the parents or legal guardian of a student under the age of 21
FERPA allows for disclosure in the above circumstances, but disclosure is not required.
Directory Information / What does UA give out?
The University of Arizona designates the following items as directory information:
- Student’s name*
- Local/Residence Hall address*
- Home and/or Cell telephone numbers*
- Official university email address*
- Class standing/Classification
- Academic program (degree, major, minor)
- Dates of attendance
- Status (full or part-time registration)
- Degree(s) received
- Honors and awards received
- Participation in officially recognized activities
- Weight and height of members of athletic teams
The University of Arizona designates the following items as limited directory information:
- Student employment information (title, pay rate, dates of employment) - Released by Human Resources to verify employment for students as wells as employees (active and former) to potential employers, landlords, and companies that offer credit instruments (stores, banks, mortgage lenders).
- Date of birth* - Date of birth is only released to official agencies as required for matching student records.
- Student photo - Will only be utilized and/or released to University faculty and staff for attendance, testing, academic advising and identification in health and safety situations
Because directory information is considered public, the University may release such information to anyone without student consent provided that the student has not requested a directory restriction.
*The noted (*) items above can be specifically restricted by the student through UAccess. It is the University employee’s responsibility to make sure there are no directory restrictions prior to releasing any student data.
Restricting Release of Information
The University may disclose to third-parties any student information that it has designated as directory information, provided that the student has not restricted such information from disclosure. Students must request a restriction through UAccess, which will remain in effect until the student requests a change. (For more information, see the tutorial.) Students who wish to restrict their names should realize that their names will not appear in the commencement bulletin and other university publications. Also, third parties will be denied any of the student's directory information and will be informed that we have no information available about the student's attendance at UA. Students who wish to have specific directory information released may do so by providing a written authorization to the Registrar's Office.
Requesting Directory Information
There are two avenues to request directory information. Submission of a request does not guarantee approval.
|Date Use Internal or External /Requestor Internal or External||Where to Request||Description & Direction of Request|
|External Requestor||Public Records||If a request is made outside of the University from a third party source, the requestor must make the request through the Public Records.|
|Internal Requestor||Office of the Registrar||If a request is made on behalf of a department or a recognized University of Arizona Student Organization, the request can be made by submitting the following form: Request for Directory Information.|
|Solomon Amendment Request for Information||Office of the Registrar||Select the link to obtain a Solomon Amendment Request.|
University FERPA Training
Additional FERPA Resources
Filing a Complaint
Students have a right to file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education concerning alleged failures by the University of Arizona to comply with the requirements of FERPA.
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202-4605